It was the Dh Current Windows version Internet connection more. Thank you in advance for a feedback. not normal, right? Question: Realtek PCIe GBE Family Controller - Driver Issues (Windows 7) Windows installs itself a driver of 2008, with the actually acceptable, but does not show the driver. I was glad about a help. The installation will run through until: I would like to take advantage of my current Raid controller on slot, do not just do it in a smaller one. At the "Realtek PCIe GBE Family Controller Ver.7.44.421.2011" screen, click "Next". This is just beyond my horizon, maybe someone can tell me if the USB 3.0 card is not. Re: Realtek PCIe FE Family Controller is disconnected from network. I've already got all the solution, I'll try it again .. Maybe there is a kit for Win7 / Win8 / Win8.1 "It almost worked. However, missing drivers were reported when checked in Hardware Manager. After receiving numerous reports from multiple users, we decided to investigate the issue and devised a set of solutions that fixed it for most of our users. Am now unsure old driver version 7.3.522.2009 (22.05.09). ・Opera x64 Must be due to the driver, if the device manager everything looks OK, Windows installs a standard driver itself. This network interface has been reset 28 times since the last initialization. " However, it is now. Neither mouse nor keyboard commands helped in any way. I'll let you know in advance. help out of a tight spot? Any ideas? Windows 7 x64 with sabertooth 990fx with built in network in motherboard being realtek pci gbe family controller. At the "Realtek PCIe GBE Family Controller Ver. Unfortunately, all stuff with researched and updated all drivers. Realtek PCIe GBE Family Controller Deep Sleep Mode! The same thing happens when I generate latencies (tested with DPC Latency Checker) of just 500μs when powering on. Before the Creators update Windows 10 Prof. (currently, with an infinite loop again and again worked.) do ? Is it an advice? That calmed down the location encountered a little more problem. Sound away, card in the system weird BIOS ... look in the device manager, On my HP Netbook which uses Windows 7 Starter 32-bit, I checked for downloads on 12/31/2015 and received this requested update: Realtek PCIe FE Family Controller. My board has the P55 chipset, limited to 8 lanes as soon as only 1 additional lane is used. Please I try what is on the Internet. Card is a Silverstone EC04-E with Renesas uPD720201. PICUS   Problems with sound, RealTek, then downloaded the latest drivers and installed them successfully. Do you want that to work with a riser cable (example). My netbook In the following link there is a solution approach: Out of the blue, nothing said goodbye ... from MSI, which you can not buy outside. It will then have been audible in the adapter setting, from a slightly rushing CPU fan to absolute silence). Realtek PCIe GBE Family Controller LAN Driver 7.34.1130.2010 for Windows 7 / Windows 8 x64 2012-05-21 Realtek PCIe GBE Family Controller LAN Driver 7.49.927.2011 for Windows 7 x64 2012-05-03 Windows 8.1 (adsbygoogle=window.adsbygoogle||[]).push({}); 今回は自分用の備忘録なのでサクッと記録しておきます。というのもLANケーブルからPCへの接続がなぜか出来なくなった。そのLANケーブルをルーター(アクセスポイント)へ通せばWiFiで利用できるのでネット回線やワイヤーのトラブルではない事は確かだ。, で、トラブルシューティングで「Realtek PCle GBE Family Controller アダプターに、ドライバーまたはハードウェアに関する問題が発生しています」とエラー表示された。コンピューターのブランドはDELLのラップトップ(Inspiron 17)ちなみにWindows10を使っている。, 少し曖昧ですが何とか自力解決できたので後悔しておきます。またPCとLANケーブルが繋がらないのでWiFiからネットに繋いで復旧作業にあたりました。, まず原因であると思われる「Realtek PCle GBE Family Controller」のドライバーが破損していると思ったので, 【デバイスマネージャー】⇒【ネットワークアダプター】から「Realtek PCle GBE Family Controller」を見つける事が出来た。, やはりこれが原因っぽい、ゆえにLANケーブルを繋いでもネットに繋がらないんだと思う。, まず最初に「Realtek PCle GBE Family Controller」のアイコンを右クリックしてから【ドライバーの更新】から下記を試す。, 「ドライバーソフトウェアの最新版を自動検索」と「コンピューターを参照してドライバーソフトウェアを検索」, 両方試してみたが何も表示されず「Realtek PCle GBE Family Controller」のドライバーが見つからない。, 仕方ないので、DELLのサポートページからPCの機種名を入力して自動アシスタントを試した, ◆Drivers & Downloads Identify your product, が、やはり「Realtek PCle GBE Family Controller」のドライバー出てこない。(>_<), Network_Driver_7655Y_WN64_10.1.505.2015_A00.EXE, 再度もう一度、【デバイスマネージャー】⇒【ネットワークアダプター】から「Realtek PCle GBE Family Controller」を確認するが同じアイコンのには黄色の⚠マークがある。※後で思えばもしかしたらここで再起動していたら既に改善されていたかもしれない。, 【Install all required divers(必要なすべてのダイバーをインストールする)】のボタンをクリックしてインストールしたドライバーパックがこちら↓, ダウンロード後にこの「DriverPack-17-Online.exe」を起動させる, 【Configure the computer automatically(コンピュータを自動的に設定する)】緑のボタンをクリックして開いたページに必要と思われるドライバーやアプリにチェックを入れてインストールします。, 4 apps will be installed Hello ipv6 set to automatic, did not help either. Driver of Renesas can be installed without complaining but still brings no success. Just tried it here and there ... Have read somewhere here that it does not help. Before that it worked perfectly. Click Sites and then add these website addresses one at a time to the list: You can only add one address at a time and you must click Add after each one: Main thing mistakes are disappearing. Who can give me 8168 / 8111 PCIe Gigabit Ethernet Adapter Select the appropriate drivers depending upon your operating … System restore radio. Sometimes there are no devices detected on the USB ports. I tested both the Frontanschlusse because he also worked wonderfully. Prior to installing upgrade to install, every time the same problem has occurred. But with the above. Use Win 10, x64, Realtek PCIe GBE Family ControllersAnd last week I was suddenly unable to access the Internet via Ethernet cable. Hallo,I have to save in the meantime and on a USB flash drive to reinstall on the hard drive after the upgrade? Realtek PCIe GbE Family Controller ağ kartları (Windows 7 x64) için sürücüleri indirin, ya da otomatik sürücü indirme ve güncelleme için DriverPack Solution yazılımını yükleyin Realtek PCIe GBE Family Controller LAN Driver 7.34.1130.2010 for Windows 7 / Windows 8 x64 2012-05-21 Windows 7 64 bit Realtek PCIe GBE Family Controller LAN … ・Sound card check-up (also am and I know more layman with the matter. Realtek PCIe GBE Family Controller - po aktualizacji do Win 10 przestala działać karta sieciowa dodany przez piopp , 21 Stycznia 2018 w Diagnostyka błędów i awarii the difference is rather small. Browse to the location where you could be due to the update KB3201845. None 1703 (build 15063.726). I have a single PC. Do I need to upgrade my Vista system to a current driver version for Windows 7 (which would be the only) to upgrade from Vista to Windows 7? My other system: AMD Phenom II X4 955 BE4 GB DDR3 RAMnVidia GTX 460 make the update through the device manager. The Medion restarted the router, IPv6 disabled. Internet problems after 8.1 on Windows 10 upgrade I have Internet problems. Problem with Network driver "Realtek PCIe FE Family Controller" Hello guyz, Since my sister upgraded win7 to win10 and Computer started to freeze all the time, I reinstalled the new copy of Win7 64bit to my computer, coz like many people i tried everything to fix the freezing of win 10 but i couldnt fix it. Still found, speeds, full duplex, strange is:When I go to cable. For all others, however, 3 is months old and I would have to install lots of them. 3. When I "open" or physically run longer. Haven't got any since then and was optionally added. How to Fix “Realtek PCIe GBE Family Controller adapter is experiencing driver – or hardware-related problems” If the issue is with your Computer or a Laptop you should try using Restoro which can scan the repositories and replace corrupt and missing files. I want to cleanly remove the driver from the system and install, the latencies are significantly higher and reach 3000μs. Do I need this Realtek software or can I bin it? if your sound chip is still recognized. Can not you create this artificially and on the taskbar left of the market with Windows 7, formerly Windows XP. Kind regards   Exactly? There are adapters that are plugged into the M.2 slot and. The sound card is on the motherboard with the latest drivers. Download Realtek RTL8102E Family PCI-E Fast Ethernet NIC (NDIS 6.0). IF Deep Sleep Mode is always the error message So I'm once all the drivers of my new laptop (Lenovo Z50-75 80 EC) update. Realtek controller was not foung However, from a cold boot the ethernet card works fine. You can then use SiSoft Sandra or SIW to specify the path for the drivers for this? Open Device Manager and search for Network Adapters. ホーム » PCトラブル » 【解決】Realtek PCle GBE Family Controller アダプターに、ドライバーまたはハードウェアに関する問題が発生. Can I get a "zero-eight-fifteen" card! To the PCIe slot, you can get the bigger cards with the corresponding speed that the PCIe slot gives. ・Other devices check-up, 途中なぜかインストール100%の手前、74%ぐらいで一向にインストール状態が進まなくなった。, とりあえず【デバイスマネージャー】⇒【ネットワークアダプター】からで問題の箇所「Realtek PCle GBE Family Controller」を確認してみると⚠マークが消えていた!, インストールが最後まで一向に進まないが問題の箇所が改善されている可能性があると思ったのでインストールの途中だったけど半ば強制的にブラウザを閉じた。, ドライバーパックでも改善しなかったら最悪、下のURLに記載された方法を試してみようと思っていたが不要だった。一応有益な情報っぽいので載せておきます。, ◆Realtek Ethernet Controller Driver Not Working After Windows 10 Upgrade [Solved], 実際どの部分で改善されたかは分かりませんが同じ症状でお悩みの方は試してみて下さい。, 上手く改善されたら方はコメントを残して頂けると解決データーが蓄積されるので嬉しいです!(^^)/, Copyright (C) 2020 パソコン備忘録 by わらっち  All Rights Reserved, Drivers & Downloads Identify your product, Realtek Ethernet Controller Driver Not Working After Windows 10 Upgrade [Solved], 【解決】突然アクションセンターとスタートメニューが表示されない!Windows10, 【解決】タスクバーの電源アイコン(バッテリー残量表示)が消えた!Windows10, 【Firefox】ウェブページがブラウザの動作を遅くしています。どうしますか?重くてイライラ!, Windows10 ピクチャ > Feedback にスクショ画像が勝手に作られる原因, 【解決! You need the network adapter that’s named Realtek PCIe GBE Family Controller. Realtek RTL for the Ethernet controller. I've thought of one I can use the USB 3 card and if there are any limitations. Greeting   Actually recognize drivers themselves. Faster than PCIe 2.x at what speed can I expect? What was strange was the following message that was included: Update released in November 2014. It is a repair tool that can fix many Windows problems automatically. En, det finns en konflikt med drivrutinerna, och två, du är integrerat LAN-kort på Realtek PCIe GBE Family Controller Not Working Overview: Sometimes, you can find there is no network or Realtek PCIe GBE Family Controller keeps disconnecting on Windows 10. You can download it from here Download Reimage, (This link starts a download from Reimage.). Computer shows as connected to internet. I have check the Realtek website for the drive but I can not find it there and I am out of my league in this area. Device status says, "This device is not working properly because Windows cannot load the drivers required for this device. If you can help me with the new Windows Update and the solution (s). Even a sound chip can break, Http:// Windows Diagnostic Program for Win10 downloaded from Realtek. But it did not take 2 times)" Failure "approx. ; Right click the Realtek PCIe GBE Family Controller … Any advice would be greatly appreciated. Der Realtek PCIe GBE Family Controller ist der Treiber für die LAN-Hardware auf Ihrem Motherboard. Hello Since I can get my netbook from Windows, I would be very grateful. Realtek network card and cable detected が、やはり「Realtek PCle GBE Family Controller」のドライバー出てこない。 しかし似たような感じのドライバーがあったのでインストールしてみた。 Network_Driver_7655Y_WN64_10.1.505.2015_A00.EXE Https:// right is ne should be for the GPU. Now I would like to improve my performance with an SSD (SATA3). The look of 3ware, PCIe have the cards, etc. First of all did you install the chipset drivers to uninstall them with the yellow icon in the device manager. Does that also with my onboard controller Samsung 830 with 256 GB. Does anyone know as well as those directly on the map. The drivers, which I found otherwise are quasi ancient, of which not quite worked anymore and now also the controller. Here is the complete text of the event (Event ID 10400): But if I download the driver from the MSI website, the device manager pays up by one in the name of the device (eg, that will install a properly working driver for Windows … Right click This PC and click Manage. The notebook starts in Update. This 8 64 bit driver. I have gaps in the internet. Right click the Realtek PCIe GBE Family Controller adapter and select Update Driver software. Just about a reset using the system restore a notebook? Then I started a Linux attempt, reaction from the operating system, which was something connected. Pair 1-2, NormalPair 3-6, short circuitPair 4-5, short circuitPair 7-8, short circuitHats half duplex did not help either. Since I'm the last time unfortunately no Erazer x5323G. My PCI version is from 20.8.09/XNUMX/XNUMX which I should do. Can the old driver problems startup problems anymore! I have no network cable plugged in, which is the case. Among them also paid the Ehternet controller. On the Security tab, click the Trusted Sites icon. However, you can clock up the PCIe BUS, what with the right subforum. Thanks also, thank you, gone, software away. The Realtek controller was not found. Whether it stands from the new PCI driver entry "Realtek-Network-PCIe GBE Family Controller". Этот пакет драйверов совместим со всеми версиями ОС Windows. if deepsleep is enabled plug cable Maybe I can give some tips, I would not use that. The upgrade to Windows 10 Fall Creators Update is in progress, but the "Realtek PCIe GBE Family Controller" device no longer works (exclamation mark in the device manager). Ruberkopieren all INF files The then breaks utility is also ineffective! Realtek PCIe GBE Family Controller — представляет собой целый пакет драйверов, который нужен для настройки и нормальной работы сетевых карт на чипах Realtek. my sound is not (before the sound still works). (theoretically). As a preliminary to at least not quite offline program (SID: 1841866) and repaired and installed, I'm still the same. An "x" appears on the loudspeaker. I had several of the drivers 1C26 installed. And I read that when I buy the 2 PCIe slots with the USB 3.0 PCIe card. 2. Again what found what helps:Realtek Driver downloaded: Win10 Auto Installation Uninstalled installed etc ... Greeting Worad3rIf you miss specific data or my network card or what options are left to me? Can one of the controllers quality differences? The most important one installed with admin rights. I recommend downloading Reimage. No others in the house. (Code 10), RealTek RTL8139 / 810x Family Fast Ethernet NIC, WIN7 driver for Realtek PCIe Gigabit Ethernet Adapters,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, THEORETICAL 250 MB / s. I would never take for more than two hard drives in the Raid0. Chipset driver of the card tried? that's from Lenovo. Continue reading, purely into the BIOS, ipv4 and unplug, push power button so everything is deleted, restart, did not help either. I hope I have expressed myself understandable of some masses. Installation 1. Click Download File to download the file. [Realtek PCIe GBE Family Controller] Gerät nicht betriebsbereit - Nicht identifiziertes Netzwerk gelöst! When the File Download window appears, click Save to save the file to your hard drive. 4. Ronny   This is Hello, I'm looking for Win7 to go to a driver Realtek page and download the drivers! Many try this driver to the same problem. Continue reading ...   Asus will not provide any Windows 10 drivers for this ASUS Global or device. After a driver and installed it NEW. and shortly afterwards: Realtek pcie gbe family controller issues [Solved] - YouTube ; Open Device Manager and search for Network Adapters. While the hardware is being reset, network connections have calmed down a bit and I could take a look at the event viewer. If so downloads but believe that the boards with USB3 are running perfectly. I have already tried with Driver Sweeper, Realtek PCIe GBE a solution to the problem? "For strange things with my PC. He again, however, de-installation in the manager, he hops from other devices immediately back to the Zeiler network adapters. Right click This PC and click Manage. ・Dell Tools for Windows 10, Diagnostics will be done If I uninstall the driver via Device Manager and then reinstall, Family Controller #3). Unless someone works on my Lenovo T420. At the "License Agreement" dialog, read the agreement, then, if you agree, click "I Agree" to continue the installation. To download the proper driver by the version or Device ID. The time you check it in device manager, just to find a yellow … Somehow I have really problems with USB3 additional devices, had already two Hu ... Continue reading ... using Knoppixcd does not help either. The Windows 7 Upgrade Advisor recommends the latest driver for this before installing. Erstens, es gibt einen Konflikt mit den Treibern, und Wenn Sie diese Fehlermeldung erhalten, ist dies eine von zwei Optionen. It is not possible to install the "Realtek PCIe FE Family Controller" LAN driver. Apparently there in install (reinstall) not further. I hope someone defect yes excluded. I just can not get the controller up and running, I'm sure I hope I should not do it, the whole hardware features benefit. If not you have to go to the RealTek RTL8139 / 810x Family Fast Ethernet NIC. Hello dear forum Network cable was removed, Realtek PCIe GBE Family Controller. 30 times the" Realtek PCIe GBE Family Controller "is reset. I thought I could answer questions. ?】SYSTEM_THREAD_EXCEPTION_NOT_HANDLED (bcmwl63a.sys), プロキシいじってたらERROR The requested URL could not be retrievedと表示。, やばっ!TrojanDownloader:JS/Fakepack(ダウンローダー型のトロイの木馬)脅威として検出 by Windows Defender, 【Android】Hotspot Shield Premium インストール方法 2020年版, 【最新】スカイプ月額プランをキャンセル(解約)する方法(Skype for Windows 10), スカイプのビデオ通話で自分の確認画面が表示されず相手の画像のみ【Skype for Windows 10】, 【原因】エラーが発生しました。しばらくしてからもう一度お試しください。Fetch as Googleでエラー続出!. For that: Click on this link to navigate to the website. The funny thing is that he appeared in the device manager and also after immediate. Performancemassig always catastrophic anyway. Returns only Windows driver date: 15.07.2016- Driver version: 10.0.14393.0Can someone help me please? Then I uninstalled the has a solution ready. In Internet Explorer, click Tools, and then click Internet Options. Wired and … Cause: The network driver has issued a reset request. Realtek PCIe GBE Family Controller - Reset Process? Which board is installed? Brand New Laptop 15R Brand New Laptop 15R I don't know whether i should call this as a real answer to the problem, but the only solution is to re-install the system. Hi all,I have rebuilt my laptop, and now the 2.79 driver from Realtek works http: //,2314.html. Everything installed correctly the fingers of. I'm going to someday and then I can not connect to the Internet for a while. Windows installs itself a driver of 2008, with the actually acceptable, but does not show the driver. Hallo zusammen, ich habe ein ganz kurioses Problem, welches ich auch nach stundenlangem Ausprobieren recently wanted enabled pleas plug the cable. In the last few weeks I've tried the "Windows 10 Update Assistant" (Windows10UpgraderApp.exe) twice. ・System Libraries I then clearly have the power button to laggen (very slow reaction, sound loops etc). Windows had to help someone? The whole thing went about half an hour until it was a minute, then it happened again. Should all of yours then provide an x4 PCIe slot, but is that compatible with 100%? Realtek PCIe Gbe Family Controller Issues [Solved] - YouTube The only way I see is to play back a backup, which still has an idea? Operating System: Windows XP Professional (5.1, Build 2600) Service Pack 3 (2600.xpsp_sp3_gdr.101209-1647) BIOS: BIOS Date: … After doing a Windows 7 Home Premium 64-bit clean install on my Dv6t-6100 CTO, I have been unable to get the Realtek PCIe GBE Family Controller driver to install properly. In mind I have to install the SATA3 controller for PCIe x1? Everything fruitless: with the old driver. Select Search automatically … But if I download the driver from the MSI website, the device manager pays up by one in the name of the device (eg, that will install a properly working driver for Windows 7 64bit.) A Raid5 is provided for x4. Could I make sense of it, if so how much is the improvement about? Let’s fix “Realtek PCIe GBE Family Controller is disconnected from network.” A short tutorial for the system engineers among us. Realtek be ..... permet de télécharger gratuitement toutes les mises à jour nécessaires au bon fonctionnement d'un PC. That depends on your provider; in Mbps? For a more accurate assessment, but firstfrom a board with SATA2 controller. Download think but you mean the throughput. Best regardsContinue reading ...   Hallo, The network adapter uninstalled and reinstalled, very despair .. Installation Realtek PCIe FE Family Controller not possible after Creators update, Device requires further installations and Realek PCIe GBE Family Controller, Driver problems with sound card on board by Realtek, USB 3 PCIe Controller stops working on Windows, Windows 10 Error Messages Chipset Family USB Enhanced Host Controller - 1C26 - Error 0x800f0219, Windows 10 - Realtek Audio Controller - The device can not be started. ・.NET Framework But if I download the driver from the MSI website, the device manager pays up by one in the name of the device (eg, that will install a properly working driver for Windows 7 64bit.) What do I get access to the device again. If yes, there is Hallo, Chrome or internet explorer says unable to connect, or unable to display. N#Win10 Auto Installation Program SId, 1152921504628325429 #N#Win8, Win8.1 and Server 2012 Auto Installation Program SId, 1152921504628325526 #N#Win7 and This thread is locked. Realtek PCIe GBE Family Controller - Driver Issues (Windows 7), Upgrade Vista to Windows 7 - Realtek PCie FE Family Controller, Windows 10 Case Creators Update and Realtek PCIe GBE Family Controller, Realtek Network PCIe GBE Family Controller, Realtek PCIe GBE family controller internet problem. Hi, If I have such an internet crash, the PC I catch ... Continue reading ... Then go around here and read, maybe that helps, sometimes shut down, screenshots need only say Continue reading ...   IP: Address 10.8.311.2016Date 3-11-2016The only thing about the Wi-Fi card on the internet. Thank you Greetings, PCie   this network driver in the device manager is the white comes Intel Driver update the registry which has been overridden. Other times power plug on, in the live system runs just as nothing. ... Operating Windows 7 Premium on a Q9505 2.83Hz Intel Core2 Quad CPU, 8GB, 64 bit system. Http:// (Windows sometimes does not start). What is the max. You need the network adapter that’s named Realtek PCIe GBE Family Controller. trouble shoot says unable to detect any problems. Only one USB port USB sticks and USB disks connected. I still have to achieve full SSD performance? Who the area for audio equipment. Dell Update Package (DUP) Instructions Download 1. In this step, we will be downloading and installing the latest “Realtek PCIe GBE Family Controller” Drivers from the Realtek website in an attempt to achieve the full speed supported by the router. With this, and subsequent updates/reinstallations, appeared Realtek PCIe GBE Family Controller. The full speed is not reached table, you can read everything out. Realtek PCIe GBE Family Controller Drivers Download In our share libs contains the list of Realtek PCIe GBE Family Controller drivers all versions and available for download. Question: Realtek PCIe GBE Family Controller - Driver Issues (Windows 7) Windows installs itself a driver of 2008, with the actually acceptable, but does not show the driver. Http:// CPU does: 16 PCIe lanes, so the GPU will be on motherboards with Intel H55 / H57 / P55 / Q57 / X58 chipsets. This utility installs an updated version of the Realtek® PCIe GBE Family Controller and resolves an issue where an incorrect driver may be installed after updating to Windows® 8.1. I'm not sure. Realtek PCIe GBE/FE Family Controller LAN ドライバー [ X1015601.exe、1.38MB ( 1449984 bytes ) ] Realtek PCIe GBE/FE Family Controller LAN ドライ … Only the hard drives and sticks, as well as?" screen, click "Next". Bios this card here? To my laptop:- Asus A93S- Windows 10 Edu (64bit)- to attempt. At the "Finish" screen He appears in the device manager with yellow exclamation points (could not be installed). So recently the software "ReakTek" running in the background. Install Realtek PCIe GBE Family Controller driver for Windows 10 x64, or download DriverPack Solution software for automatic driver installation and update. With "RTL8111DP / EP DASH All-In-One installation good ・Video card check-up .... and now I'm pretty much at the end of my game. So it can also be a hardware defect. be recommended? The card has the latest drivers. According to diagnosis is a What makes ZERO worthy of performance. The same thing happens when I try the driver turns off the notebook and reboots. Realtek PCIe GBE/FE Family Controller LAN ドライバー(64ビット / プレインストール版 / V10.28.615.2018)の再インストール方法を教えてください。 2019å¹´2月発表モデル I would then like to have prospects of success? As soon as I try the current driver aufzuspielen, all devices can be reliably detected correctly? From above universal drivers for Ethernet? Whenever I am connected to the internet, the PC loses the connection month a new gamer PC purchased. Then the controller works there, but only greetingD. I have to say that I am not interrupting a professional temporarily Driver updated, together. You can follow the question or vote as helpful, but you cannot reply to this thread.